The course provides a basic introduction to the principles that govern the flow in the sea at different scales from the smallest turbulent vortices to the large-scale circulation in the oceans.

A major emphasis is on describing various physical phenomena using a quantitative mathematical expression. The course deals with the following elements: Basic properties of a fluid including the driving equations for mass conservation, momentum and energy, coordinate systems and effects of Earth rotation and the derivation of simplified sets of equation describing large-scale oceanic flows.

## Prerequisites

For admission to the course, 120 credits of completed courses within natural sciences are required, of which at least 15 credits in mathematics (analysis and linear algebra).

## Grant opportunities

EU/EEA citizens, Swedish residence permit holders and exchange students do not pay fees. More information on: http://www.universityadmissions.se

## Learning outcomes

Upon completion of the course, the student is expected to be able to:

Knowledge and understanding

- Describe how the physical properties of seawater influence oceanic flows
- Define the different terms in the equations of fluid motions
- Describe the main effects of Earth rotation on oceanic flows
- Describe the main properties of flows in hydrostatic and geostrophic balance

Competence and skills

- Know the definition and relevance of the most important physical properties of seawater
- Know the equations of fluid motion for a rotating fluid
- Perform mathematical derivations and make calculations for some idealized flow cases

Judgement and approach

- Know how to apply fundamental principles of physics and mathematics to develop a quantitative understanding of ocean dynamics
- Understand standard simplifications and common limitations that are often associated to studies of ocean processes

## Files/Documents

## ISCED Categories